Saturday, March 14, 2020
Stonewall Riots Essay Example Stonewall Riots Essay Stonewall Riots Essay The response was not immediate, and continues yet today. Many people in that community could not take their fights seriously. Ã¢â¬Å"It is tempting to tell the history of the gay rights movement as a history of laughteralternately anxious or derisive, mirthful or sardonicas who is laughing, and with what emotion, has changed very much, very quickly.Ã¢â¬ (Yoshino, 1, 2002) Many believed that homosexuality was a psychiatric mental disorder, and although this notion has lost its credibility, it still continues today. The Stonewall Riots gave the individuals the strength to fight back against what was occurring. Ã¢â¬Å"When the police raided the Stonewall Inn, gay patrons of the bar refused to go quietly. Barricading themselves in the bar, they alternately hurled out beer bottles and slogans like Gay Power. The riots did not last the week, and the mainstream press accorded them no great significance. Yet the riots imaginatively inaugurated the gay fights movement.Ã¢â¬ (Y oshino, 1, 2002) The Stonewall Riots paved the way for organizations to form, propelling the rights of homosexuals, where no one had dared to tread before. The Stonewall Riots Ã¢â¬Å"paved the way for other anti-passing events by making themselves visible in unprecedented ways. The riots called forth a new set of gay activist organizations, including the Gay Liberation Front, Radical Lesbians, and the Third World Gay Revolution.Ã¢â¬ (Yoshino, 1, 2002) No longer would these groups deny their sexual orientation, but proclaim it proudly. They conducted sit-ins in the offices of newspapers and magazines that purveyed demeaning images of homosexuals; they marched in the street to protest police harassment; they disrupted the conventions of psychiatrists who proclaimed them to be sick; they occupied campus buildings to win concessions from university administrators. (Yoshino, 1, 2002) The Stonewall Inn was a unique establishment that welcomed those who were not welcomed elsewhere. Ã¢â¬Å"When it was raided, they fought for it. They had nothing to lose other than the most tolerant and open-minded gay place in town. (Cusac, 1, 1999) The Stonewall Inn created an atmosphere where everyone felt comfortable to be who they were and take pride in who they were. Ã¢â¬Å"On June 28, the drag queens and junkies and hustlers- Stonewall catered to a poor, underworld gay male communityfought back. The riot spilled out onto the street and continued intermittently for five days. That show of resolve gave birth to the Gay Liberation Front, led to the annual gay pride parade in New York (today the citys largest annual parade), and is widely credited with emboldening a generation of activists.Ã¢â¬ (Oppenheimer, 86, 1996) The Stonewall Riots demonstrate that sexual orientation has the ability to mark both personal identity and social divisions. Ã¢â¬Å"Sexual orientation has steadily been replacing religion as the identity characteristic that is both physically invisible and morally polarizing. In 1900, ones group identity was largely defined by ones ethnicity, social class, sex, and religion. The norm was Anglo-Saxon, middle-class, male, and Protestant. The Jew, Roman Catholic, or Jehovahs Witness was considered deviant and was subject to social, economic, and political discrimination. In 2000, ones group identity will be largely defined by ones race, income, sex, and sexual orientation. The norm will be white, middle-income, male, and heterosexual. The lesbian, gay man, or trans-gendered person will be considered deviant and will be subject to social, economic, and political discrimination.Ã¢â¬ (Eskridge, 1, 1997) The Stonewall Riots provided the opportunity for homosexuals to come out of the closet and be proud for doing so. Ã¢â¬Å"The Stonewall generation not only definitively associated coming out with the destruction of the closet, but also deepened and transformed the meaning of the particular phenomenon. Coming out as lesbian, gay, or bisexual now is viewed as telling outsiders, not just insiders, about ones sexual identity. It no longer is understood merely as a discrete personal discovery and expression of ones sexuality, but is now seen as a process of continual discovery and exploration made possible through liberation from the clichÃ ©s of compulsory heterosexuality. (Eskridge, 1, 1997)
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Genetically Modified Foods - Essay Example And the many varieties of apples we eat today were produced through genetic modification. Traditional genetic modification methods, such as cross-fertilization can produce a desired trait, such as a sturdier plant. Using these methods, scientists mix thousands of genes from several plants to weed out the unwanted traits by multiple attempts at cross-breeding and selective breeding. Modern methods of genetic modification like genetic engineering are more precise, predictable and instant. By controlling the insertion of one or two genes into a plant, scientists can give it a specific new characteristic without transferring undesirable traits. GE is a revolutionary new and fast growing technology. This technology involves randomly inserting together the genes of non-related species, utilizing viruses, antibiotic-resistant genes, and bacteria as vectors, markers, and promoters and permanently altering their genetic codes and creating gene-altered organisms that pass these genetic changes onto their offspring through heredity. In some cases chemical additives manufactured by genetically engineered bacteria may also be classified as genetically engineered foods. ... Fortifying foods with minerals and vitamins helps prevent sickness and keeps the body functioning well. Also, genetically engineered foods can help to introduce improvements in research for other foods as well as help incorporate new ideas for food into production programs. Sometimes genetically engineered foods may prove to be a more economical option and may help in the financial problems particularly in poorer nations, but have ecological consequences. Although most genetically engineered foods are safe, some may not be. Most consumers consider these foods as those with added substances which are most often proteins. This is because genes are "translated" into proteins by cells. Just as with conventional food additives, substances added to foods via genetic engineering may in some instances prove hazardous. The main health with protein additives in genetic engineered foods is that they may cause susceptible individuals to become allergic to foods they could consume safely otherwise. Food allergies are a serious public health concern as allergic reactions can cause discomfort and in some cases fatal anaphylactic shocks. Since virtually all known food allergens are proteins, foods with new proteins added via genetic engineering could sometimes become allergenic. Unfortunately, food related allergies are poorly understood and often scientists fail to test the potential allergenicity of genetically engineered foods. Genetically engineered products clearly have the ability to have toxic effects on human health. In 1989 a genetically engineered brand of L-tryptophan, a common dietary supplement, killed 37 Americans and permanently disabled or afflicted more than 5,000 others with a
Monday, February 10, 2020
Morality - Essay Example The word Morality carries the concept of: moral standards, with respect to behavior; moral responsibility, referring to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own conscience; and a moral identity, that is one who can differentiate between his right and wrong actions. Morality defines the boundaries that have been set forth in our society and following them can only lead to harmony and respect within the society. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s one of the core founding pillars of a sophisticated society as it not only characterizes what is right and wrong but also instills a sense of guilt within individuals. This makes sure that no matter how badly one wants to commit that action, morality takes over and stops one from doing that bad or unfavorable deed. For example, if a pharmaceutical company has decided not to withdraw a medicine from the market that causes severe side effects just because they will endure huge losses if they do so, it can clearly be stated as unethical. As playing with the lives of thousands of innocent peop le is not justified it is thus established as being an immoral act in society. Ethics, also termed as moral philosophy, is a prominent branch of philosophy that caters to questions about morality and its concepts, such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime, etc. Ethics can be broadly divided into three categories namely: Meta ethics, Normative ethics and Applied ethics. Meta ethics inquires about the roots of our ethical principles and how they came into being in our society. It usually deals with questions related to the role of reason in ethical judgment, the will of God and the issues of universal truths. Normative ethics on the other side takes a more practical task in determining the moral standards that set apart the right from the wrong. This often includes pursuing good habits in general, following duties that are considered favorable and the consequences that others might face because of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. Lastly, Applied ethics simply inv olves examining specific controversial issues, such as abortion, animal rights, environmental protection, homosexuality, capital punishment and chemical or nuclear wars. Although this branch looks quite simple but it has the highest opposition since opinions differ from person to person. For example, If a country starts discriminating against the immigrants of another country on the basis of race or religion than it is highly unethical of them in this developed world. Since the immigrants hold their rights to live freely there, basing differences on religion or on oneÃ¢â¬â¢s race is prohibited in the civilized world. It is very important to know that reason is not the root for every answer. Although being rational and reasonable might help to achieve understanding of a certain situation but every situation at hand demands a different perspective. People argue that every right thing can be determined through reason, nevertheless that is not the case. It is futile to reason against something that is already established as a norm unless there is ample evidence that a change is needed. There are a lot of wrong things that need no reason, for instance hurting a human being or animal, using harmful means to acquire money or disrespecting elders. Likewise, there are uncountable right things that need no reason to perform, for instance loving and caring for ones parents, treating others respectfully, caring for human lives, living a healthy life and the
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Total Quality Management Essay Concept of Leadership Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. Though there is no universal definition of leadership and indeed many books have been devoted to the topic of leadership, Leadership is a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal. James Mac Gregor Burns describes a leader as one who instills purposes, not one who controls by brute force. A leader strengthens and inspires the followers to accomplish shared goals. So leadership requires an intuitive understanding of human nature- the basic needs, wants, and abilities of people. It helps leaders direct them on the right track. So leadership should be based on the following concepts: 1) People, paradoxically, need security and independence at the same time. 2) People are sensitive to external rewards and punishments and yet are also strongly self-motivated. 3) People like to hear a kind word of praise. Catch people doing something right. 4) People can process only a few facts at a time, thus, a leader needs to keep things simple. 5) People trust their gut reaction more than statistical data. 6) They distrust the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s rhetoric if the words are inconsistent with the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. Characteristics of Quality Leaders There are 12 behaviors or characteristics that successful quality leaders demonstrate: 1) They give priority attention to external and internal customers and their needs. Leaders place themselves into the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ shoes and service their needs from that perspective. They continually evaluate the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ changing requirements. 2) They empower, rather than control, their subordinates. Leaders have trust and confidence in the performance of their subordinates. They provide the resources, training and work environment to help subordinates do their jobs. However, the decision to accept responsibility lies with the individual. 3) They emphasize improvement rather than maintenance. Leaders use the phrase Ã¢â¬Å"If it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t perfect, improve itÃ¢â¬ rather than Ã¢â¬Å"If it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t broken, donÃ¢â¬â¢t fix it.Ã¢â¬ There is always room for improvement, even if the improvement is small. Major breakthroughs happen but itÃ¢â¬â¢s the little ones that keep the continuous process improvement on a positive track. 4) They emphasize prevention; Ã¢â¬Å"An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cureÃ¢â¬ is certainly true. It is also true that perfection can be the enemy of creativity. We canÃ¢â¬â¢t always wait until we have created the perfect product. There must be a balance between preventing problems and developing better but not the perfect one. 5) They encourage collaboration rather than competition. When functional areas, departments or work groups are in competition, they may find subtle ways of working against each other or withholding information. Instead, there must be collaboration among and within units. 6) They train and coach rather than direct and supervise. Leaders know that the development of the human resource is a necessity. As coaches, they help their subordinates learn to do a better job. 7) They learn from problems. When a problem exists, it is treated as an opportunity rather than something to be minimized or covered up. Ã¢â¬Å"What caused it?Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"How can we prevent it in future?Ã¢â¬ are the questions quality leaders ask. 8) They continually try to improve communications. Leaders continually disseminate information about the TQM effort. They make sure that TQM is not just a slogan. Communication is two way- ideas will be generated by people when leaders encourage them and act upon them. 9) They continually demonstrate their commitment to quality, that is; they just do what they have committed to do. They walk their talk- their actions, rather than their words. They let the quality statements be their decision making guide. 10) They choose the suppliers on the basis of quality, not price. Suppliers are encouraged to participate on project teams and become involved. Leaders know that quality begins with quality materials and the true measure is the life cycle cost. 11) They establish organizational systems to support the quality effort. At the senior level, a quality council is provided, and at the first-line level, work groups and project teams are organized to improve the process. 12) They encourage and reorganize team effort. They encourage, provide recognition and reward individuals and teams. Leaders know that people like to hear that their contributions are appreciated and important. This action is one of the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s most powerful tools. The Seven Habits of highly effective people: Habit is an intersection of knowledge, skill and desire. Knowledge is what to do and the why; skill is the how to do; and desire is the motivation or want to do. In order for something to become a habit one must have all the three. Stephen R. Covey introduced Ã¢â¬Å"The Seven HabitsÃ¢â¬ - a highly integrated approach that moves from dependency (you take care of me) to independence (I take care of myself) to interdependence (we can so something better together). The first three habits deal with independence- the essence of character growth. Habit 4, 5 and 6 deal with interdependence- teamwork, cooperation, and communication. Habit 7 is the habit of renewal. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why, these habits are necessary for leaders to be effective. Habit 1: Be Proactive Being proactive means taking responsibility for your life- the ability to choose the response to a situation. Proactive behavior is a product of conscious choice based of values, rather than reactive behavior, which is based on feelings. Reactive people let circumstances tell them how to respond. On the other hand, proactive people let carefully thought-about, selected and internalized values tell them how to respond. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s not what not what happens to us but our response that differentiates the two behaviors. No one can make you miserable unless you choose to let them. The language we use is a real indicator of our behavior. Comparisons are given in the table below: Habit 2: Begin with the end in mind The most fundamental application of this habit is to begin each day with an image, picture or paradigm of the end of life as the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s frame of reference. All things are created twice- thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a mental or first creation and a physical or second creation all things. To build a house we first create a blueprint and then construct the actual house. If we want to have a successful organization, we begin with a plan that will produce the appropriate end; thus leadership is the first creation and management is the second. Leadership is doing the right thing and management is doing things right. In order to begin with the end in mind, leader should develop a personal philosophy like:- * Never compromise with honesty * Maintain a positive attitude * Exercise daily * Do not fear mistakes * Read a leadership book daily By centering our lives on correct principles, we create a solid foundation for a the development of the life supporting factors of security, guidance, wisdom and power. Principles are the fundamental truths. They are tightly interwoven threads running with exactness, consistency and strength through the fabric of life.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Alexander the Great Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Alexander the Great was the king of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian Empire, and one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. Even at an early age, Alexander had the promise to become a great leader. Through all his victories and conquests, he has become a great hero and has had a large impact on history. That is why I chose he book Alexander the Great, by J.R. Hamilton for my review. Hamilton does a very good job with the story of Alexander the Great. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The book begins by talking about the Macedonian homeland and the make up of the people, their culture. Alexander was born in 356 BC in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia he was the son of Philip II, king of Macedonia, and of Olympias, a princess of Epirus. After discussing his parents and their relationship, Hamilton talks about how Aristotle was Alexander's tutor from age 13 to 16 and stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy. The book then talks about how well prepared Alexander was to take over the throne. Then, in the summer of 336 BC Philip was assassinated, and Alexander took over the Macedonian throne. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Hamilton does a very good and descriptive job of how Alexander soon showed his power when the large city of Thebes revolted in 335. Alexander stormed the city with mighty force and took 30,000 people as slaves. An important point the book discussesnext is when Alexander begins...
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
H61012A L9914234 Pham Minh Tu Discursive Eassay Children learn best by observing behavior of addults and copying it The major disparity between adults and children is the imitating learning scientifically. Although the incidental learning facilitates the studying of children, this conventional methodology has been considered as a contentious dicourse due to its latent detrimental impacts. This essay will demonstrate the affirmative and negative arguments for the immitating learning of children regards as the best methodolody.Firstly, the imitation of the behaviors of adults is a quick learning methodology for children. It is highly doubt that this eliminates the time spending on the explanation for children since these behaviors accumulatively exert young learners on their habits, personality and the outlook. To illustrate, no confusing question impedes the fragile mind of children from the reason wasting their time. This facilitates the adults to monitor the critical skills as they will explain the vital reason for some unclear and misleading action.Secondly, this imitation creates the natural incentives for children to learn the intractable things. With the mutual basis on the interpersonal communication with adults, particularly parents, these acquaintances appear as the massive profound inspiration. Consequently, these behaviors are understood as welcoming actions by children and manipulate them, in turn shaping their future personal like the civility.For example, to instill a love of books, parents could read books for children everyday instead of using TV as a pastime. Additionally, small children pick up several new words from parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ conversations. These are the positive arguments for this learning methodology. Next the manifold oppose arguments will be illustrated for this issue. The predominant disadvantage of this imitating methodology is the pitfall of misleading or the limits for autistic children.It is explicit since this form of learning requires the high quality from the interpersonal environment solely, not from the learners themselves. Thus, without the interaction with parents, those children with autism do not enable themselves to study. Moreover, the imitation of adultsÃ¢â¬â¢ behaviors leads to the latent profound reduction of creativity in children. The strings attached children with surrounding environment might create the laziness and then the shortage of the ability of provoke-thinking and solving problems.Subsequently, being a passive learner in a long-term period, the creativity can be reduced in children inevitably. In conclusion, when the imitability in learning always contains its advantages and limits on children. Nevertheless, it is the natural step of humanÃ¢â¬â¢s evolution of studying. Therefore, children could encounter the surrounding environment and new concepts to learn the best from this step, which is assumed as a launching pad fro them before entering the world of formal schooling.
Monday, January 6, 2020
The purpose of law enforcement is to protect the lives and property of both the communityÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens and people who visit and work in the community. There are many different levels of law enforcement careers such as local, state and federal agencies. There are also many different occupations within the law enforcement field. One of those occupations is a police officer. (10 Things You Need to Consider Before Becoming a Police Officer, Criminology Careers.com, August 2012, Timothy Roufa, Criminology Careers Expert). To become a police officer it takes more than just wanting to carry a gun and Ã¢â¬Å"catch the bad guysÃ¢â¬ . The hiring process will be long. After submitting an application, each candidate must go through a written test, a physical agility test, an oral interview or two, a Ã¢â¬Å"backgroundÃ¢â¬ check of nearly every aspect of his life, including driving records, drug or alcohol usage, a thorough medical and psychological exam, and a polygraph test. The n after that, each candidate must go through an exhausting physical and mental challenge known as the Police Academy. If the candidates make it through the Police Academy then they advance to on-the-job training known as Field Training, which is even more difficult than the Police Academy. After all of this training and becoming a police officer, one would have to ask themselves if the job is worth it. Police officers are put into dangerous situations daily. After all they have to deal with drunks, the mentally disabledShow MoreRelatedLaw Enforcement : A Police Officer1596 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesLaw Enforcement Ask anyone who is interested in a career in law enforcement why they choose that career, and they will say it is to help their community and make a difference in the world. In an average day an officer patrols his given area to keep the safety of the people. For instance the the presence of a police officer in the neighborhood keeps away the criminals who break into homes while people are at work or asleep. It is hard for people to imagine what a world without law enforcementRead MorePolice Officers And Law Enforcement1082 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLaw enforcement officers equipped with body-worn cameras lower external use of force complaints and better compliance during police and citizens encounters creates a more positive experience for police and law-abiding citizens. In recent years, law enforcement officers have come under tremendous scrutiny by the public due to police officersÃ¢â¬â¢ use of excessive force. Several deadly force incidents captured on video and not captured caused the arrest or dismissal of police officers. Video footageRead MoreLaw Enforcement Police Enforcement Officers2330 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesAbstract Law enforcement officers are faced with the challenges of using the appropriate amount of force during arrests or apprehensions and are criticized by the public on a daily basis. Not all excessive force is restricted to physical violence; this is where brutality fits in. The reasons for these actions might be explainable, or unacceptable. It may appear that the law enforcement officer is taking advantage of the situation, when in fact they may be following procedure, and in turn can articulateRead MorePolice Officers And The Law Enforcement970 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIn this society we live in, we rely on our local law enforcement to help enforce laws that supposed to protect us from harm, and investigate crimes when an individual violates a particular law that need to be brought to justice. All police officers are trained to know all the rules and regulation in the handbook of the court of law. One the contraire, there are still some individuals police officers in this nation who abus e their authority of having those rights to serve and protect us from dangerRead MoreLaw Enforcement Of The Police Officer1520 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrequired by law enforcement to persuade compliance by an unwilling subject is a description of use of force. There is not just one definition for use of force. A majority of the law enforcement agencies carry policies that define their use of force. Included in these policies is the actions that an officer can have to undertake in a situation. Whenever an officer has to use force, they need to understand and know what the appropriate force needed at the time. To help guide the officers, agencies haveRead MorePolice Officers And Law Enforcement1864 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Despite some police officers might use authority to frighten and approach others in any way they like, there is still a great amount of officers that do live up to the standard to serve and protect others. Police officers are often needed to reinstate order and regain the compliance from very hostile situations. Police officers are sometimes required to use force that is not considered excessive or the possibility of being accused or seen as brutality. We can see that the media focuses greatlyRead MorePolice Officer Training And Law Enforcement957 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesPolice officer training is a vital component to the safety of the citizens that the officers are sworn to protect and the laws that they are sworn to uphold. Police officer training doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t start when the officer is out in the field, it begins way before that. Training, you can say, begins at a young age, especially for those that want to pursue a career in law enforcement. Once the decision is made to follow a law enforcement path then all of that personÃ¢â¬â¢s efforts should be applied to what needsRead MorePolice Brutality : A Law Enforcement Officer4738 Words Ã |Ã 19 PagesWhen you take oath to become a law enforcement officer you are supposed to stand by the area that you work within and serve and protect. While working officers are put in thousands of different scenarios. While growing up you are taught proper ethics and values and should know the d ifference between what is right, and what is wrong. However; many officers break down and realize that being a law enforcement officer doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t pay as much as they like. They fall fortune to being greedy, stealing moneyRead MoreLaw Enforcement : The Police Officer And The Firefighter843 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLaw Enforcement The profession that interests me the most is law enforcement. I chose law enforcement because I wanted to impact my community and I felt a need to work for something greater than myself. Based on the images provided by the set of slides I believe that each slide positively represented the profession. There were three different aspects of law enforcement depicted in the slides, the police officer, the corrections officer and the firefighter. The next slide showed a forensics technicianRead MoreEthics and Law Enforcement: Ethical Conduct for Police Officers676 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesEthical Conduct for Police Officers Ethics among police officers is critical to maintaining law and order in a democratic society. Whether responding, investigating, interrogating, interviewing, or handling evidence, police interface directly with citizens and possess a great deal of power (Borello, 2012). When they are corrupt or otherwise unethical, it compromises balance and safety in a community and in society as a whole. Ethical behavior helps instill public trust in the systems and policies